Heat transfer through windows is a significant component of the building’s cooling load. In addition, excessive heat can create discomfort for occupants.
Shading services reduce heat gain by stopping solar energy before it hits the glass. They can be built into the architecture of a building or as separate structures such as awnings and trellises.
Shaded windows are not only helpful in reducing solar heat gain in summer and allowing the sun to heat homes in winter in northern cold climates. They also enhance the visual appearance of buildings. In older homes, shading is handled with awnings and shutters; in newer homes, with a range of interior window treatments and shades installed by professionals like J Geiger Shades; and in the case of large north- and west-facing windows, with roof overhangs or eaves. Deciduous trees with dormant winter branches can also provide good shade for windows.
Aesthetics is a broad philosophical subject with an extensive and fractious history of thought. In the early eighteenth century, the term “aesthetic” designated a kind of object, a kind of judgment, a kind of attitude, and a kind of experience. More recently, aesthetic theories have tended toward internalist and externalist approaches.
In cold and mixed climates, shading windows reduces summer heat gain, which saves energy by preventing the air conditioning system from working as hard. In addition, shading reduces heat loss from the home by lowering thermal energy transfer between indoor and outdoor air.
In occupied spaces, the effect of shading is dependent on the occupants’ comfort requirements, which change as the outdoor and indoor temperatures vary. Therefore, adjustable external shading can be more effective than fixed exterior shading.
For example, pergolas can be designed to shade north-facing windows in summer and allow low-winter sun access. Another option is light shelves, which are horizontal reflective surfaces that reflect sunlight away from the window and offer some protection at lower sun angles.
The choice of material, color, and position of the light shelf will also impact how much protection it provides. Other shading options include eaves and quickly moved awnings to accommodate the changing sun positions throughout the day.
External shading reduces sunlight’s thermal energy and solar glare, helping keep interiors more relaxed and comfortable. For existing houses, exterior shading can be achieved with awnings, conventional shutters, or blinds that can be adjusted to allow the sun in winter and block it out in summer.
In new homes, shading can be designed into the building envelope with window placement and roof overhangs or deciduous trees that provide shade in winter.
Shading services such as Treaty Oaky Shade Company can help air ventilation achieve thermal comfort in a temperate climate, and their effectiveness depends on both the indoor-outdoor temperature difference and the intensity of solar radiation. Moreover, they should have different properties in summer than in winter.
This research investigates the performance of a hybrid mode combining natural ventilation with adjustable shading to meet residential buildings’ thermal comfort and energy-saving goals. The results show that the combined way can achieve satisfactory occupant comfort for air conditioning and free-running methods under various climatic conditions, with the benefits increasing with higher outdoor temperatures and during heat waves.
While indoor comfort may seem a matter of personal preference, it is not always a matter of “nice to have.” As we become an increasingly indoor society, there is a growing need for buildings that provide good thermal, visual, and acoustic comfort and air quality.
In this regard, shading can significantly impact the indoor thermal environment and energy consumption under different operation modes (air conditioning and free-running mode). Specifically, under the HVAC operating mode, solar transmittance influences total cooling consumption; however, under natural ventilation in summer, comfortable hours are proportional to ST and inversely proportional to REV.
Moreover, our results suggest that combining air conditioning and window ventilation, a hybrid mode can meet thermal comfort and energy savings needs. This is particularly true in areas where extreme temperatures characterize the outdoor climate. This is because when outdoor conditions are sweltering, high-efficiency shading can shorten overheating time, and when they are cold, it will reduce free-running ventilation energy consumption.